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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ______________ to ________________
Commission file number 0-14112
JACK HENRY & ASSOCIATES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware 43-1128385
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation) (I.R.S Employer Identification No.)
663 Highway 60, P.O. Box 807, Monett, MO 65708
(Address of Principle Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
417-235-6652
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock ($0.01 par value)
JKHY
Nasdaq Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” ”accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
  
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)  
Yes No
As of October 28, 2022, the Registrant had 72,949,433 shares of Common Stock outstanding ($0.01 par value).



TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page Reference
PART IFINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022 (Unaudited)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the Three Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 (Unaudited)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity for the Three Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 (Unaudited)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 (Unaudited)
 
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
ITEM 2.Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
   
ITEM 3.Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
   
ITEM 4.Controls and Procedures
  
PART IIOTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.Legal Proceedings
ITEM 2.Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
ITEM 6.Exhibits
Signatures
In this report, all references to "Jack Henry," “JKHY,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” and “our,” refer to Jack Henry & Associates, Inc., and its wholly owned subsidiaries.
FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements in this report, other than purely historical information, including estimates, projections, statements relating to our business plans, objectives and expected operating results, and the assumptions upon which those statements are based, are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act"). Forward-looking statements may appear throughout this report, including without limitation, in Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. Forward-looking statements generally are identified by the words “believe,” “project,” “expect,” “seek,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” “strategy,” “predict,” “likely,” “should,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “can,” “may,” and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are based only on management’s current beliefs, expectations and assumptions regarding the future of the Company, future plans and strategies, projections, anticipated events and trends, the economy and other future conditions. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, those discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022, in particular, those included in Item 1A, “Risk Factors” of such report, and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Any forward-looking statement made in this report speaks only as of the date of this report, and the Company expressly disclaims any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether because of new information, future events or otherwise.


2



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM I. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
3

Table of Contents
JACK HENRY & ASSOCIATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)
 September 30,
2022
June 30,
2022
ASSETS  
CURRENT ASSETS:  
Cash and cash equivalents$31,970 $48,787 
Receivables, net247,541 348,072 
Income tax receivable 13,822 
Prepaid expenses and other134,539 125,537 
Deferred costs71,047 57,105 
Assets held for sale 20,201 
Total current assets485,097 613,524 
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, net208,307 211,709 
OTHER ASSETS:  
Non-current deferred costs148,445 143,750 
Computer software, net of amortization534,488 410,957 
Other non-current assets300,924 293,526 
Customer relationships, net of amortization72,482 69,503 
Other intangible assets, net of amortization24,562 25,137 
Goodwill804,155 687,458 
Total other assets1,885,056 1,630,331 
Total assets$2,578,460 $2,455,564 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY  
CURRENT LIABILITIES:  
Accounts payable$20,445 $21,034 
Accrued expenses147,679 192,042 
Accrued income taxes27,394  
Notes payable and current maturities of long-term debt41 67 
Deferred revenues274,772 330,687 
Total current liabilities470,331 543,830 
LONG-TERM LIABILITIES:  
Non-current deferred revenues70,374 71,485 
Deferred income tax liability280,285 292,630 
Debt, net of current maturities245,000 115,000 
Other long-term liabilities51,332 50,996 
Total long-term liabilities646,991 530,111 
Total liabilities1,117,322 1,073,941 
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY  
Preferred stock - $1 par value; 500,000 shares authorized, none issued
  
Common stock - $0.01 par value; 250,000,000 shares authorized;
     103,953,128 shares issued at September 30, 2022;
     103,921,724 shares issued at June 30, 2022
1,040 1,039 
Additional paid-in capital560,034 551,360 
Retained earnings2,707,182 2,636,342 
Less treasury stock at cost
     31,042,903 shares at September 30, 2022;
     31,042,903 shares at June 30, 2022
(1,807,118)(1,807,118)
Total stockholders' equity1,461,138 1,381,623 
Total liabilities and equity$2,578,460 $2,455,564 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
4

Table of Contents
    
JACK HENRY & ASSOCIATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Data)
Three Months Ended
 September 30,
 20222021
REVENUE$529,202 $488,056 
EXPENSES  
Cost of Revenue298,261 276,636 
Research and Development32,993 26,754 
Selling, General, and Administrative57,225 51,071 
Total Expenses388,479 354,461 
OPERATING INCOME140,723 133,595 
INTEREST INCOME (EXPENSE)  
Interest Income152 7 
Interest Expense(1,576)(248)
Total Interest Income (Expense)(1,424)(241)
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES139,299 133,354 
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES32,750 31,240 
NET INCOME$106,549 $102,114 
Basic earnings per share$1.46 $1.38 
Basic weighted average shares outstanding72,896 74,016 
Diluted earnings per share$1.46 $1.38 
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding73,138 74,142 















See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
5

Table of Contents
JACK HENRY & ASSOCIATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (Unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Share and Per Share Data)
Three Months Ended
 September 30,
 20222021
PREFERRED SHARES:  
COMMON SHARES:
Shares, beginning of period103,921,724 103,795,169 
Shares issued for equity-based payment arrangements12,141 5,432 
Shares issued for Employee Stock Purchase Plan19,263 21,664 
Shares, end of period103,953,128 103,822,265 
COMMON STOCK - PAR VALUE $0.01 PER SHARE:
Balance, beginning of period$1,039 $1,038 
Shares issued for Employee Stock Purchase Plan1  
Balance, end of period$1,040 $1,038 
ADDITIONAL PAID-IN CAPITAL:
Balance, beginning of period$551,360 $518,960 
Tax withholding related to share-based compensation(1,556)(953)
Shares issued for Employee Stock Purchase Plan3,232 3,177 
Stock-based compensation expense6,998 6,071 
Balance, end of period$560,034 $527,255 
RETAINED EARNINGS:
Balance, beginning of period$2,636,342 $2,412,496 
Net income106,549 102,114 
Dividends(35,709)(34,036)
Balance, end of period$2,707,182 $2,480,574 
TREASURY STOCK:
Balance, beginning of period$(1,807,118)$(1,613,202)
Balance, end of period$(1,807,118)$(1,613,202)
TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY$1,461,138 $1,395,665 
Dividends declared per share$0.49 $0.46 









See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

Table of Contents

JACK HENRY & ASSOCIATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(In Thousands)
 Three Months Ended
 September 30,
 20222021
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:  
Net Income$106,549 $102,114 
Adjustments to reconcile net income from operations
     to net cash from operating activities:
  
Depreciation12,416 13,157 
Amortization33,194 31,016 
Change in deferred income taxes(12,345)6,088 
Expense for stock-based compensation6,998 6,071 
(Gain)/loss on disposal of assets(6,124)166 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:  
Change in receivables  101,509 53,404 
Change in prepaid expenses, deferred costs and other(34,740)(20,345)
Change in accounts payable(2,168)2,859 
Change in accrued expenses(45,265)(37,231)
Change in income taxes41,937 9,912 
Change in deferred revenues(65,130)(60,662)
Net cash from operating activities136,831 106,549 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:  
Payment for acquisitions, net of cash acquired(228,986) 
Capital expenditures(7,737)(9,273)
Proceeds from dispositions26,252 14 
Purchased software(408)(1,221)
Computer software developed(38,715)(35,971)
Net cash from investing activities(249,594)(46,451)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:  
Borrowings on credit facilities280,000  
Repayments on financing leases(150,022)(35,027)
Dividends paid(35,709)(34,036)
Tax withholding payments related to share-based compensation(1,556)(953)
Proceeds from sale of common stock3,233 3,177 
Net cash from financing activities95,946 (66,839)
NET CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS$(16,817)$(6,741)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD$48,787 $50,992 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD$31,970 $44,251 









See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
7

Table of Contents
JACK HENRY & ASSOCIATES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)

NOTE 1.    NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Description of the Company
Jack Henry & Associates, Inc. and subsidiaries ("Jack Henry," "JKHY," or the "Company") is a well-rounded financial technology company. JKHY was founded in 1976 as a provider of core information processing solutions for banks. Today, the Company’s extensive array of products and services includes processing transactions, automating business processes, and managing information for approximately 7,800 financial institutions and diverse corporate entities.
Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of JKHY and all of its subsidiaries, which are wholly owned, and all intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.
Comprehensive Income
Comprehensive income for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, equals the Company’s net income.
Allowance for Credit Losses
The Company monitors trade and other receivable balances and contract assets and estimates the allowance for lifetime expected credit losses. Estimates of expected credit losses are based on historical collection experience and other factors, including those related to current market conditions and events.
The following table summarizes allowance for credit losses activity for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2022:
Three Months Ended September 30,
20222021
Allowance for credit losses - beginning balance$7,616 $7,267 
Current provision for expected credit losses480 540 
Write-offs charged against allowance(65)(145)
Recoveries of amounts previously written off(1)(1)
Allowance for credit losses - ending balance$8,030 $7,661 
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment is recorded at cost and depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets.  Accumulated depreciation at September 30, 2022, totaled $461,282 and at June 30, 2022, totaled $454,879.
Intangible Assets
Intangible assets consist of goodwill, customer relationships, computer software, and trade names acquired in business acquisitions in addition to internally developed computer software. The amounts are amortized, with the exception of those intangible assets with an indefinite life (such as goodwill), over an estimated economic benefit period, generally 3 to 20 years.  Accumulated amortization of intangible assets totaled $1,063,994 and $1,030,800 at September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, respectively.
Investments
At September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, the Company had an investment in the preferred stock of Automated Bookkeeping, Inc ("Autobooks") of $18,250, which represented a non-controlling share of the voting equity as of that date. The total investment was recorded at cost and is included within other non-current assets on the Company's balance sheet. There have been no events or changes in circumstances that would indicate an impairment and no price changes resulting from observing a similar or identical investment. An impairment and/or an observable price change would be an adjustment to recorded cost. Fair value will not be estimated unless there are identified events or changes in circumstances that may have a significant adverse effect on the fair value of the investment.
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Common Stock
The Board of Directors has authorized the Company to repurchase shares of its common stock. Under this authorization, the Company may finance its share repurchases with available cash reserves or borrowings on its existing line of credit. The share repurchase program does not include specific price targets or timetables and may be suspended at any time. At September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, there were 31,043 shares in treasury stock and the Company had the remaining authority to repurchase up to 3,948 additional shares. The total cost of treasury shares at September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, was $1,807,118. During the first three months of fiscal 2023, the Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock.
Income Taxes
Deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized for the tax effects of differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities. A valuation allowance would be established to reduce deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that a deferred tax asset will not be realized.
The Company recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based upon the technical merits of the position. The tax benefit recognized in the financial statements from such a position is measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than 50% likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Also, interest and penalties expenses are recognized on the full amount of unrecognized benefits for uncertain tax positions. The Company's policy is to include interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.
Interim Financial Statements
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("U.S. GAAP") applicable to interim condensed consolidated financial statements, and do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete consolidated financial statements. The condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes, which are included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Form 10-K”) for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022. The accounting policies followed by the Company are set forth in Note 1 to the Company's consolidated financial statements included in its Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2022, with updates to certain policies included in this Note 1.
In the opinion of the management of the Company, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments necessary (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) to state fairly in all material respects the financial position of the Company as of September 30, 2022, the results of its operations for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, changes in stockholders' equity for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, and its cash flows for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021. The condensed consolidated balance sheet at June 30, 2022, was derived from audited annual financial statements, but does not contain all of the footnote disclosures from the annual financial statements.
The results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2022, are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire fiscal year.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Risks and Uncertainties
The Company has determined there was not a material impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the quarter ended September 30, 2022, as a result of the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may impact the Company's future operational and financial performance remains uncertain and difficult to predict. The Company will continue to monitor developments related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
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NOTE 2.     RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Not Yet Adopted
In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers, which improves the accounting for acquired revenue contracts with customers in a business combination by addressing diversity in practice and inconsistency related to recognition of an acquired contract liability and payment terms and their effect on subsequent revenue recognized by the acquirer. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company plans to adopt the ASU effective July 1, 2023, and will apply it prospectively to business combinations occurring on or after that date.
NOTE 3.    REVENUE AND DEFERRED COSTS
Revenue Recognition
The Company generates revenue from data processing, transaction processing, software licensing and related services, professional services, and hardware sales.
Disaggregation of Revenue
The tables below present the Company's revenue disaggregated by type of revenue. Refer to Note 11, Reportable Segment Information, for disaggregated revenue by type and reportable segment. The majority of the Company’s revenue is earned domestically, with revenue from customers outside the United States comprising less than 1% of total revenue.
Three Months Ended September 30,
20222021
Private and Public Cloud$148,999 $135,642 
Product Delivery and Services57,523 51,516 
On-Premise Support113,627 110,336 
Services & Support320,149 297,494 
Processing209,053 190,562 
Total Revenue$529,202 $488,056 
Contract Balances
The following table provides information about contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers.
September 30,
2022
June 30,
2022
Receivables, net$247,541 $348,072 
Contract Assets- Current24,240 24,447 
Contract Assets- Non-current68,386 68,261 
Contract Liabilities (Deferred Revenue)- Current274,772 330,687 
Contract Liabilities (Deferred Revenue)- Non-current70,374 71,485 
Contract assets primarily result from revenue being recognized when or as control of a solution or service is transferred to the customer, except where invoicing is contingent upon the completion of other performance obligations or payment terms differ from the provisioning of services. The current portion of contract assets is reported within prepaid expenses and other in the condensed consolidated balance sheet, and the non-current portion is included in other non-current assets. Contract liabilities (deferred revenue) primarily relate to consideration received from customers in advance of delivery of the related goods and services to the customer. Contract balances are reported in a net contract asset or liability position on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period.
The Company analyzes contract language to identify if a significant financing component does exist, and would adjust the transaction price for any material effects of the time value of money if the timing of payments provides either party to the contract with a significant benefit of financing the transaction.
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During the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized revenue of $97,990 and $99,316, respectively, that was included in the corresponding deferred revenue balance at the beginning of the periods.
Amounts recognized that relate to performance obligations satisfied (or partially satisfied) in prior periods were immaterial for each period presented. These adjustments are primarily the result of transaction price re-allocations due to changes in estimates of variable consideration.
Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligations
As of September 30, 2022, estimated revenue expected to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied (or partially unsatisfied) at the end of the reporting period totaled $5,643,334. The Company expects to recognize approximately 26% over the next 12 months, 20% in 13-24 months, and the balance thereafter.
Contract Costs
The Company incurs incremental costs to obtain a contract as well as costs to fulfill contracts with customers that are expected to be recovered. These costs consist primarily of sales commissions, which are incurred only if a contract is obtained, and customer conversion or implementation-related costs. Capitalized costs are amortized based on the transfer of goods or services to which the asset relates, in line with the percentage of revenue recognized for each performance obligation to which the costs are allocated.
Capitalized costs totaled $397,833 and $380,095, at September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, respectively.
For the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, amortization of deferred contract costs was $41,980 and $35,844, respectively. There were no impairment losses in relation to capitalized costs for the periods presented.

NOTE 4.    FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
For cash equivalents, certificates of deposit, amounts receivable or payable, and short-term borrowings, fair values approximate carrying value, based on the short-term nature of the assets and liabilities.
The Company's estimates of the fair value for financial assets and financial liabilities are based on the framework established in the fair value accounting guidance. The framework is based on the inputs used in valuation, gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets, and requires that observable inputs be used in the valuations when available. The three levels of the hierarchy are as follows:
Level 1: inputs to the valuation are quoted prices in an active market for identical assets
Level 2: inputs to the valuation include quoted prices for similar assets in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly
Level 3: valuation is based on significant inputs that are unobservable in the market and the Company's own estimates of assumptions that we believe market participants would use in pricing the asset
Fair value of financial assets included in current assets is as follows:
Estimated Fair Value MeasurementsTotal Fair
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Value
September 30, 2022   
Financial Assets:
 Certificates of Deposit$ $1,213 $ $1,213 
Financial Liabilities:
Revolving credit facility
$ $245,000 $ $245,000 
June 30, 2022   
Financial Assets:
 Certificates of Deposit$ $1,212 $ $1,212 
Financial Liabilities:
Revolving credit facility
$ $115,000 $ $115,000 
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NOTE 5.    LEASES
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception. The lease term begins on the commencement date, which is the date the Company takes possession of the property and may include options to extend or terminate the lease when it is reasonably certain that the option will be exercised. Right-of-use (“ROU”) assets represent the Company’s right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Lease agreements with lease and non-lease components are accounted for as a single lease component for all asset classes, which are comprised of real estate leases and equipment leases. ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. Since the Company’s leases do not typically provide an implicit rate, the Company uses its incremental borrowing rate based upon the information available at commencement date. The determination of the incremental borrowing rate requires judgment and is determined by using the Company’s current unsecured borrowing rate, adjusted for various factors such as collateralization and term to align with the terms of the lease.
The Company leases certain office space, data centers, and equipment with remaining terms of 1 to 11 years. Certain leases contain renewal options for varying periods, which are at the Company’s sole discretion. For leases where the Company is reasonably certain to exercise a renewal option, such option periods have been included in the determination of the Company’s ROU assets and lease liabilities. Certain leases require the Company to pay taxes, insurance, maintenance, and other operating expenses associated with the leased asset. Such amounts are not included in the measurement of the lease liability to the extent they are variable in nature. Variable lease costs are recognized as a variable lease expense when incurred.
At September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, the Company had operating lease assets of $46,452 and $46,869 and financing lease assets of $39 and $65, respectively. At September 30, 2022, total operating lease liabilities of $50,932 were comprised of current operating lease liabilities of $10,546 and noncurrent operating lease liabilities of $40,386, and total financing lease liabilities of $41 were all current liabilities. At June 30, 2022, total operating lease liabilities of $51,452 were comprised of current operating lease liabilities of $10,681 and noncurrent operating lease liabilities of $40,771, and total financing lease liabilities of $67 were all current financing lease liabilities.
Operating lease assets are included within other non-current assets and operating lease liabilities are included within accrued expenses (current portion) and other long-term liabilities (noncurrent portion) in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet. Operating lease assets were recorded net of accumulated amortization of $33,478 and $31,006 as of September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, respectively. Financing lease assets are included within property and equipment, net and financing lease liabilities are included within notes payable (current portion) and long-term debt (noncurrent portion) is included in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet. Financing lease assets were recorded net of accumulated amortization of $276 and $255 as of September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, respectively.
Operating lease costs for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, were $3,059 and $3,432, respectively. Financing lease costs for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, were $21 and $28, respectively. Total operating and financing lease costs for the respective quarters included variable lease costs of approximately $928 and $399, respectively. Operating and financing lease expense are included within cost of services, research and development, and selling, general & administrative expense, dependent upon the nature and use of the ROU asset, in the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of income.
For the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, the Company had operating cash flows for payments on operating leases of $3,110 and $3,031, and ROU assets obtained in exchange for operating lease liabilities of $2,296 and $272, respectively. Operating cash flows for interest paid on financing leases for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, were $22 and $29, respectively.
As of September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, the weighted-average remaining lease term for the Company's operating leases was 74 months and 76 months and the weighted-average discount rate was 2.60% and 2.58%, respectively. As of September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, the weighted-average remaining lease term for the Company's financing leases was 6 months and 9 months, respectively. The weighted-average discount rate for the Company's financing leases was 2.23% as of September 30, 2022, and 2.29% as of June 30, 2022.
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Maturity of Lease Liabilities under ASC 842
Future minimum rental payments on operating leases with initial non-cancellable lease terms in excess of one year were due as follows at September 30, 2022*:
Due Dates (fiscal year)Future Minimum Rental Payments
2023 (remaining period)$9,019 
202410,696 
20257,952 
20267,046 
20276,265 
Thereafter14,296 
Total lease payments$55,274 
Less: interest(4,342)
Present value of lease liabilities$50,932 
*Financing leases were immaterial to the quarter, so a maturity of lease liabilities table has only been included for operating leases.
Lease payments include $5,464 related to options to extend lease terms that are reasonably certain of being exercised. At September 30, 2022, there were $6,128 of legally binding lease payments for leases signed but not yet commenced.
NOTE 6.    DEBT
Credit facilities
On August 31, 2022, the Company entered into a five-year senior, unsecured amended and restated credit agreement. The credit agreement allows for borrowings of up to $600,000, which may be increased to $1,000,000 by the Company at any time until maturity. The credit agreement bears interest at a variable rate equal to (a) a rate based on an adjusted Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") term rate or (b) an alternate base rate (the highest of (a) 0%, (b) the Prime Rate for such day, (c) the sum of the Federal Funds Effective Rate for such day plus 0.50% per annum and (d) the Adjusted Term SOFR Screen Rate (without giving effect to the Applicable Margin) for a one month Interest Period on such day for Dollars plus 1.0%, plus an applicable percentage in each case determined by the Company's leverage ratio. The credit agreement is guaranteed by certain subsidiaries of the Company and is subject to various financial covenants that require the Company to maintain certain financial ratios as defined in the credit agreement. As of September 30, 2022, the Company was in compliance with all such covenants. The amended and restated credit facility terminates August 31, 2027. There was $245,000 outstanding under the amended and restated credit facility at September 30, 2022.
On June 30, 2022, there was a $115,000 outstanding balance on the prior credit facility that was entered into on February 10, 2020. The prior credit facility was a five-year senior, unsecured revolving credit facility. The prior credit facility allowed for borrowings of up to $300,000, which could be increased by the Company to $700,000 at any time until maturity. The prior credit facility bore interest at a variable rate equal to (a) a rate based on a eurocurrency rate or (b) an alternate base rate (the highest of (i) 0%, (ii) the U.S. Bank prime rate for such day, (iii) the sum of the Federal Funds Effective Rate for such day plus 0.50% and (iv) the eurocurrency rate for a one-month interest period on such day for dollars plus 1.0%, plus an applicable percentage in each case determined by the Company's leverage ratio. The prior credit facility was guaranteed by certain subsidiaries of the Company and was subject to various financial covenants that required the Company to maintain certain financial ratios as defined in the prior credit agreement. As of June 30, 2022, the Company was in compliance with all such covenants. The prior credit facility's termination date was February 10, 2025.
Other lines of credit
The Company has an unsecured bank credit line which provides for funding of up to $5,000 and bears interest at the prime rate less 1%. The credit line expires on April 30, 2023. There was no balance outstanding at September 30, 2022, or June 30, 2022.
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Interest
The Company paid interest of $1,333 and $234 during the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
NOTE 7.    INCOME TAXES
Provision for income taxes increased for the three months ended September 30, 2022, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021, with an effective tax rate of 23.5% of income before income taxes, compared to 23.4% in the prior fiscal year quarter.
The Company paid income taxes, net of refunds, of $2,828 and $15,187 in the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
At September 30, 2022, the Company had $9,586 of gross unrecognized tax benefits before interest and penalties, $8,532 of which, if recognized, would affect our effective tax rate. At September 30, 2022, the Company had accrued interest and penalties of $1,360 related to uncertain tax positions.
The U.S. federal income tax returns for fiscal 2019 and all subsequent years remain subject to examination as of September 30, 2022, under statute of limitations rules. The U.S. state income tax returns that remain subject to examination as of September 30, 2022, under the statute of limitation rules varies by state jurisdiction from fiscal 2016 through 2019 and all subsequent years. The Company anticipates potential changes due to lapsing of statutes of limitations, and examination closures could reduce the unrecognized tax benefits balance by $1,500 to $3,500 within twelve months of September 30, 2022.
NOTE 8.    STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
Our operating income for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, included $6,998 and $6,071 of stock-based compensation costs, respectively.
Stock Options
On November 10, 2015, the Company adopted the 2015 Equity Incentive Plan ("2015 EIP") for its employees and non-employee directors. The plan allows for grants of stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock shares or units, and performance shares or units. The maximum number of shares authorized for issuance under the plan is 3,000. For stock options, terms and vesting periods of the options are determined by the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors when granted. The option period must expire not more than ten years from the option grant date. The options granted under this plan are exercisable beginning three years after the grant date at an exercise price equal to 100% of the fair market value of the stock at the grant date. The options terminate upon surrender of the option, ninety days after termination of employment, upon the expiration of one year following notification of a deceased optionee, or ten years after grant.
A summary of option plan activity under this plan is as follows:
 Number of SharesWeighted Average Exercise PriceAggregate
 Intrinsic
 Value
Outstanding July 1, 202212 $87.27  
Granted   
Forfeited   
Exercised   
Outstanding September 30, 202212 $87.27 $1,084 
Vested and Expected to Vest September 30, 202212 $87.27 $1,084 
Exercisable September 30, 202212 $87.27 $1,084 
At September 30, 2022, there was no compensation cost yet to be recognized related to outstanding options. For options currently exercisable, the weighted average remaining contractual term (remaining period of exercisability) as of September 30, 2022, was 3.75 years.
Restricted Stock Unit Awards
The Company issues unit awards under the 2015 EIP. The following table summarizes non-vested restricted stock unit awards as of September 30, 2022:
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Unit awardsUnitsWeighted Average Grant Date Fair ValueAggregate Intrinsic Value
Outstanding July 1, 2022303 $166.50 
Granted112 223.96 
Vested(20)170.87 
Forfeited(4)173.71 
Outstanding September 30, 2022391 $182.68 $71,376 
The 112 unit awards granted in the first quarter of fiscal 2023 had service requirements and performance measures, with 70 only having service requirements. The unit awards with only service requirements were valued at the weighted average fair value of the non-vested units based on the fair market value of the Company’s equity shares on the grant date, less the present value of expected future dividends to be declared during the vesting period, consistent with the methodology for calculating compensation expense on such awards.
The remaining 42 unit awards granted in the first quarter of fiscal 2023 have performance measures along with service requirements. 17 of these performance and service requirement unit awards were valued at grant by estimating 100% payout at release and using the fair market value of the Company equity shares on the grant date, less the present value of expected future dividends to be declared during the vesting period. The payout at release of approximately half of these unit awards will be determined based on the Company's compound annual growth rate for revenue (excluding adjustments) for the three-year vesting period compared against goal thresholds as defined in the award agreement. The performance payout at release of the other half of these unit awards will be determined based on the expansion of the Company's non-GAAP operating margin over the three-year vesting period compared against goal thresholds as defined in the award agreement. The other 25 performance and service requirement unit awards were valued at grant using a Monte Carlo pricing model as of the measurement date customized to the specific provisions of the Company’s plan design. Per the Company's award vesting and settlement provisions, the awards that utilize a Monte Carlo pricing model were valued at grant on the basis of Total Shareholder Return ("TSR") in comparison to the compensation peer group made up of participants approved by the Compensation Committee of the Company's Board of Directors for fiscal year 2023. The Monte Carlo inputs used in the model to estimate fair value at the measurement date and resulting values for these performance unit awards are as follows.
Monte Carlo award inputs:Fiscal 2023
Compensation Peer Group:
Volatility29.4 %
Risk free interest rate2.96 %
Annual dividend based on most recent quarterly dividend$1.96
Dividend yield0.94 %
Beginning average percentile rank for TSR71.0 %
At September 30, 2022, there was $37,428 of compensation expense, excluding forfeitures, that has yet to be recognized related to non-vested restricted stock unit awards, which will be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.25 years.
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NOTE 9.    EARNINGS PER SHARE
The following table reflects the reconciliation between basic and diluted earnings per share.
Three Months Ended September 30,
 20222021
Net Income$106,549 $102,114 
Common share information:
Weighted average shares outstanding for basic earnings per share72,896 74,016 
Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock units242 126 
Weighted average shares outstanding for diluted earnings per share73,138 74,142 
Basic earnings per share$1.46 $1.38 
Diluted earnings per share$1.46 $1.38 
Per share information is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021. Stock options and restricted stock units have been included in the calculation of earnings per share to the extent they are dilutive. There were 11 anti-dilutive stock options or restricted stock units excluded for the quarter ended September 30, 2022, and 22 were excluded for the quarter ended September 30, 2021.
NOTE 10.    BUSINESS ACQUISITIONS
Payrailz
On August 31, 2022, the Company completed the acquisition of Payrailz, LLC ("Payrailz") for $229,563 paid in cash. The purchase price is subject to a customary post-closing adjustment to the extent actual closing date working capital, cash, debt, and unpaid seller transaction expenses exceeds or is less than the amount estimated at closing. Pursuant to the merger agreement for the transaction, $48,500 of the purchase price was placed in an escrow account at the closing for final purchase price adjustments and indemnification matters under the merger agreement.
The primary reason for the acquisition was to expand the Company's digital financial management solutions and the purchase was funded by our revolving line of credit (Note 6) and cash generated from operations. Payrailz provides cloud-native, API-first, AI-enabled consumer and commercial digital payment solutions and experiences that enable money to be moved in the moment of need.
Management has completed a preliminary purchase price allocation and assessment of the fair value of acquired assets and liabilities assumed. The recognized amounts of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed, based on their fair values as of August 31, 2022, are set forth below:
Current assets$1,851 
Identifiable intangible assets119,868 
Deferred revenue(8,104)
Total other liabilities assumed(749)
Total identifiable net assets112,866 
Goodwill116,697 
Net assets acquired$229,563 
The goodwill of $116,697 arising from this acquisition consists largely of the growth potential, synergies, and economies of scale expected from combining the operations of the Company with those of Payrailz, together with the value of Payrailz's assembled workforce. The goodwill from this acquisition has been allocated to our Payments segment and $116,697 is expected to be deductible for income tax purposes.
Identifiable intangible assets from this acquisition consist of customer relationships of $6,109, computer software of $112,505, and other intangible assets of $1,254. The amortization period for acquired customer relationships, computer software, and other intangible assets is over a term of 10 to 15 years for each.
Current assets were inclusive of cash acquired of $577. The fair value of current assets acquired included accounts receivable of $978, none of which were expected to be uncollectible.
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Costs incurred related to the acquisition of Payrailz during the three months ended September 30, 2022, totaled $458 for administrative and professional services, travel, and other fees, and were expensed as incurred and reported within cost of revenue and selling, general, and administrative expense.
The Company's condensed consolidated statements of income for the three months ended September 30, 2022, included revenue of $738 and after-tax net loss of $1,870 resulting from Payrailz's operations.
The accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, do not include any revenues and expenses related to this acquisition prior to the acquisition date. The following unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information is presented as if this acquisition had occurred at the beginning of the prior period presented. The pro forma net income includes estimated incremental amortization expense of $1,957 and $2,935 for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. In addition, this unaudited pro forma financial information is provided for illustrative purposes only and should not be relied upon as necessarily being indicative of the historical results that would have been obtained if the acquisition had actually occurred during this period, or the results that may be obtained in the future as a result of the acquisition.
JKHYPro forma
 Three Months Ended September 30,Three Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
Revenue$529,202 $488,056 $530,829 $489,397 
Net Income106,549 102,114 102,012 97,098 
NOTE 11.    REPORTABLE SEGMENT INFORMATION

The Company is a provider of integrated computer systems that perform data processing (available for on-premise installations or JKHY cloud-based services) for banks and credit unions.
The Company’s operations are classified into four reportable segments: Core, Payments, Complementary, and Corporate & Other. The Core segment provides core information processing platforms to banks and credit unions, which consist of integrated applications required to process deposit, loan, and general ledger transactions, and maintain centralized customer/member information. The Payments segment provides secure payment processing tools and services, including ATM, debit, and credit card transaction processing services, online and mobile bill pay solutions, Automated Clearing House ("ACH") origination and remote deposit capture processing, and risk management products and services. The Complementary segment provides additional software and services that can be integrated with our Core solutions and many can be used independently. The Corporate & Other segment includes hardware revenue and costs, as well as operating costs not directly attributable to the other three segments.
The Company evaluates the performance of its segments and allocates resources to them based on various factors, including performance against trend, budget, and forecast. Only revenue and costs of revenue are considered in the evaluation for each segment.
Immaterial adjustments have been made to reclassify revenue that was recognized in the three months ended September 30, 2021 from the Complementary to the Payments and Corporate and Other segments. Immaterial adjustments were also made to reclassify cost of revenue from the Corporate and Other and Complementary segments to the Payments segment for the three months ended September 30, 2021. These reclasses were made to be consistent with the current allocation of revenue and cost of revenue by segment. Revenue reclassed from Complementary to Payments was $2,969 and from Complementary to Corporate and Other was $734. Cost of revenue reclassed from Complementary and Corporate and Other to Payments was $1,356.

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Three Months Ended
September 30, 2022
CorePaymentsComplementaryCorporate & OtherTotal
REVENUE
Services and Support$165,024 $18,659 $118,147 $18,319 $320,149 
Processing10,100 167,881 30,203 869 209,053 
Total Revenue175,124 186,540 148,350 19,188 529,202 
Cost of Revenue72,240 101,155 58,437 66,429 298,261 
Research and Development32,993 
Selling, General, and Administrative57,225 
Total Expenses388,479 
SEGMENT INCOME$102,884 $85,385 $89,913 $(47,241)
OPERATING INCOME140,723 
INTEREST INCOME (EXPENSE)(1,424)
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES$139,299 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2021
CorePaymentsComplementaryCorporate & OtherTotal
REVENUE
Services and Support$155,838 $17,063 $112,806 $11,787 $297,494 
Processing9,447 155,528 24,972 615 190,562 
Total Revenue165,285 172,591 137,778 12,402 488,056 
Cost of Revenue66,902 94,582 54,417 60,735 276,636 
Research and Development26,754 
Selling, General, and Administrative51,071 
Total Expenses354,461 
SEGMENT INCOME$98,383 $78,009 $83,361 $(48,333)
OPERATING INCOME133,595 
INTEREST INCOME (EXPENSE)(241)
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES$133,354 



The Company has not disclosed any additional asset information by segment, as the information is not generated for internal management reporting to the Chief Executive Officer, who is also the Chief Operating Decision Maker.
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NOTE 12.     SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
None.

ITEM 2.  MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2022.
OVERVIEW
Jack Henry & Associates, Inc. ("JKHY") is a well-rounded financial technology company and is a leading provider of technology solutions and payment processing services primarily for financial services organizations. Its solutions consist of integrated data processing systems solutions to U.S. banks ranging from de novo to multi-billion-dollar institutions, core data processing solutions for credit union of all sizes, and non-core highly specialized core-agnostic products and services that enable financial institutions of every asset size and charter, and diverse corporate entities outside the financial services industry, to mitigate and control risks, optimize revenue and growth opportunities, and contain costs. JKHY's integrated solutions are available for on-premise installation and delivery in our private cloud.
Our two primary revenue streams are "services and support" and "processing." Services and support includes: "private and public cloud" fees that predominantly have contract terms of seven years or longer at inception; "product delivery and services" revenue, which includes revenue from the sales of licenses, implementation services, deconversion fees, consulting, and hardware; and "on-premise support" revenue, composed of maintenance fees which primarily contain annual contract terms. Processing revenue includes: "remittance" revenue from payment processing, remote capture, and ACH transactions; "card" fees, including card transaction processing and monthly fees; and "transaction and digital" revenue, which includes transaction and mobile processing fees. We continually seek opportunities to increase revenue while at the same time containing costs to expand margins.
All amounts in the following discussion are in thousands, except per share amounts.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
For the first quarter of fiscal 2023, total revenue increased 8%, or $41,146, compared to the same quarter in fiscal 2022. The increase was primarily driven by growth in private and public cloud, card processing, transaction and digital, remittance, software usage, and implementation revenues.
Operating expenses increased 10% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2022. Increasing operating expenses for the net effects of deconversion fees of $653, acquisitions of $2,535, and the gain on disposal of assets, net, of $6,176, for the current fiscal quarter and reducing operating expenses for the effects of deconversion fees of $540 for the prior fiscal year quarter, results in an 11% increase for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the same quarter a year ago. This increase in operating expenses was primarily driven by higher personnel costs, increased direct costs in line with related revenue, and increased travel expenses.
Operating income increased 5% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2022. Reducing operating income for the effects of deconversion fees of $3,865 for the current fiscal quarter and $3,184 for the prior fiscal year quarter and for the effects of acquisitions of $1,797 and the gain on disposal of assets, net, of $6,176 for the current fiscal quarter, results in a 2% increase for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the same quarter a year ago. This increase in operating income was primarily driven by increased revenue growth partially offset by increased operating expenses detailed above.
The provision for income taxes increased 5% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the prior fiscal year first quarter. The effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 was 23.5% compared to 23.4% for the same quarter a year ago.
Due to the above changes, net income increased 4% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the first quarter of fiscal 2022.
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We move into the second quarter of fiscal 2023 with optimism following strong performance in the first quarter. Significant portions of our business continue to come from recurring revenues and our sales pipeline also remains encouraging. Our customers continue to face regulatory and operational challenges which our products and services address, and we believe they have a great need for our solutions that directly address institutional profitability, efficiency, and security. Our strong balance sheet, access to extensive lines of credit, the continued strength of our existing lines of revenue, and an unwavering commitment to superior customer service should position us well to address current and future opportunities.
A detailed discussion of the major components of the results of operations for the three months ended September 30, 2022, follows. Discussions compare the current fiscal year's three months ended September 30, 2022, to the prior fiscal year's three months ended September 30, 2021.
REVENUE
Services and SupportThree Months Ended September 30,%
Change
 20222021 
Services and Support$320,149 $297,494 8 %
Percentage of total revenue60 %61 % 
Services and support revenue increased 8% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the same quarter a year ago. Reducing services and support revenue for deconversion fee revenue from each quarter, which was $4,518 for the current fiscal quarter and $3,724 for the prior fiscal year quarter and for the effects of acquisitions of $24 for the current fiscal quarter, results in growth of 7% quarter over quarter. This increase was primarily driven by growth in cloud processing, software usage, and implementation fee revenues, as well as an increase in user group fee revenue. Growth in software usage reflects a continuing shift of customers to our time-based license model.
ProcessingThree Months Ended September 30,%
Change
 20222021 
Processing$209,053 $190,562 10 %
Percentage of total revenue40 %39 % 
Processing revenue increased 10% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the same quarter last fiscal year. Reducing processing revenue for the effects of acquisitions of $714 for the current fiscal quarter, results in growth of 9% quarter over quarter. This increase was primarily driven by higher card processing and Jack Henry digital revenue, including Banno, as well as payment processing fees, including iPay, primarily due to expanding volumes, complemented by growth in the other processing revenue components, quarter over quarter.
OPERATING EXPENSES
Cost of RevenueThree Months Ended September 30,%
Change
 20222021 
Cost of Revenue$298,261 $276,636 8 %
Percentage of total revenue56 %57 % 
Cost of revenue for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 increased 8% over the prior fiscal year first quarter. Reducing cost of revenue for the effects of deconversion fees from each quarter, which were $411 for the current fiscal year quarter and $337 for the prior fiscal year quarter and increasing cost of revenue for the net effects of acquisitions of $1,539 from the current fiscal year quarter, results in a 7% increase quarter over quarter. This increase was primarily due to higher costs associated with our card processing third-party platform, higher personnel costs, increased internal licenses and fees, and increased amortization of intangible assets at September 30, 2022, compared to the same period a year ago. The increases in cost of revenue were primarily due to organic growth within our product lines. Cost of revenue decreased 1% compared to the prior fiscal year quarter as a percentage of total revenue.
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Research and DevelopmentThree Months Ended September 30,%
Change
 20222021 
Research and Development$32,993 $26,754 23 %
Percentage of total revenue6 %% 
Research and development expense increased 23% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 over the prior fiscal year first quarter. Reducing research and development expense for the effects of acquisitions of $332 for the current fiscal quarter, results in a 22% increase quarter over quarter. This increase was primarily due to an increase in personnel costs, net of capitalization, quarter over quarter. Research and development expense for the quarter increased 1% compared to the prior fiscal year quarter as a percentage of total revenue.
Selling, General, and AdministrativeThree Months Ended September 30,%
Change
 20222021 
Selling, General, and Administrative$57,225 $51,071 12 %
Percentage of total revenue11 %10 % 
Selling, general, and administrative expense increased 12% in the first quarter of fiscal 2023 over the same quarter in the prior fiscal year. Reducing selling, general, and administrative expense for the effects of deconversion fees from each quarter, which were $242 for the current fiscal year quarter and $202 for the prior fiscal year quarter and increasing selling, general, and administrative expense for the net effects of acquisitions and gain/loss of $5,512 for the prior fiscal year quarter, results in a 23% increase quarter over quarter. This increase was primarily due to higher travel expenses and personnel costs, increased consulting and other professional services, and an increase in meetings and trainings. Selling, general, and administrative expense increased 1% as a percentage of total revenue this fiscal quarter versus the prior fiscal year quarter.
INTEREST INCOME (EXPENSE)Three Months Ended September 30,%
Change
 20222021 
Interest Income$152 $2,071 %
Interest Expense$(1,576)$(248)535 %
Interest income fluctuated due to changes in invested balances and yields on invested balances during the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the same period a year ago. Interest expense increased when compared to the prior fiscal year quarter due to interest rate fluctuations, length of borrowing time, and amounts borrowed. There was a $245,000 outstanding balance under the credit facility at September 30, 2022, and $65,000 outstanding balance at September 30, 2021. The increase in the outstanding balance was primarily due to funding the Payrailz acquisition on August 31, 2022.
PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXESThree Months Ended September 30,%
Change
 20222021
Provision for Income Taxes$32,750 $31,240 5 %
Effective Rate23.5 %23.4 %
The change in effective tax rate was minimal for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the same quarter a year ago.
NET INCOMEThree Months Ended September 30,
%
Change
 20222021
Net income$106,549 $102,114 4 %
Diluted earnings per share$1.46 $1.38 6 %
Net income increased 4% to $106,549, or $1.46 per diluted share, for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to $102,114, or $1.38 per diluted share in the same quarter of fiscal 2022.
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REPORTABLE SEGMENT DISCUSSION
The Company is a leading provider of technology solutions and payment processing services primarily for financial services organizations.
The Company’s operations are classified into four reportable segments: Core, Payments, Complementary, and Corporate and Other. The Core segment provides core information processing platforms to banks and credit unions, which consist of integrated applications required to process deposit, loan, and general ledger transactions, and maintain centralized customer/member information. The Payments segment provides secure payment processing tools and services, including ATM, debit, and credit card processing services; online and mobile bill pay solutions; ACH origination and remote deposit capture processing; and risk management products and services. The Complementary segment provides additional software, hosted processing platforms, and services, including call center support, and network security management, consulting, and monitoring, that can be integrated with our core solutions and many can be used independently. The Corporate and Other segment includes revenue and costs from hardware and other products not attributed to any of the other three segments, as well as operating costs not directly attributable to the other three segments
.
Core
Three Months Ended September 30,% Change
 20222021
Revenue$175,124 $165,285 %
Cost of Revenue$72,240 $66,902 %
Revenue in the Core segment increased 6% and cost of revenue increased 8% for the three months ended September 30, 2022, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2021. This increase in Core revenue over the prior fiscal year quarter was primarily driven by the growth in cloud processing and software usage revenues. Cost of revenue increased 8% quarter over quarter primarily due to increased direct support costs and higher personnel costs. Cost of revenue increased 1% as a percentage of revenue for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the same quarter of fiscal 2022.
Payments
Three Months Ended September 30,% Change
 20222021
Revenue$186,540 $172,591 %
Cost of Revenue$101,155 $94,582 %
Revenue in the Payments segment increased 8% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the equivalent quarter of the prior fiscal year. Reducing Payments revenue for deconversion fee revenue in both periods, which totaled $1,435 for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 and $448 for the first quarter of fiscal 2022 and for revenue from acquisitions of $738 from the current fiscal year quarter, results in a 7% increase quarter over quarter. This Payments revenue growth was primarily due to increased card and remittance fee revenues within processing. Cost of revenue increased 7% quarter over quarter primarily due to increased costs related to our credit and debit card third-party processing platform in line with associated revenues and higher personnel costs. Cost of revenue as a percentage of revenue decreased 1% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the same quarter of fiscal 2022.
Complementary
Three Months Ended September 30,% Change
 20222021
Revenue$148,350 $137,778 %
Cost of Revenue$58,437 $54,417 %
Revenue in the Complementary segment increased 8% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the equivalent quarter of the prior fiscal year. This Complementary revenue growth was primarily driven by increased Jack Henry digital and cloud processing revenues. Cost of revenue increased 7% quarter over quarter primarily
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due to increased direct support and personnel costs. Cost of revenue as a percentage of revenue remained consistent for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the same quarter of fiscal 2022.
Corporate and Other
Three Months Ended September 30,% Change
 20222021
Revenue$19,188 $12,402 55 %
Cost of Revenue$66,429 $60,735 %
Revenue in the Corporate and Other segment increased 55% for the first quarter of fiscal 2023 compared to the equivalent quarter of the prior fiscal year. The increase quarter over quarter was primarily due to higher user group and hardware revenues. Revenue classified in the Corporate and Other segment includes revenues from other products and services and hardware not specifically attributed to any of the other three segments.
Cost of revenue for the Corporate and Other segment includes operating costs not directly attributable to any of the other three segments. The cost of revenue in the first quarter of fiscal 2023 increased 9% when compared to the prior fiscal year quarter primarily due to higher internal licenses and fees, personnel costs, and hardware costs.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
The Company's cash and cash equivalents decreased to $31,970 at September 30, 2022, from $48,787 at June 30, 2022.
The following table summarizes net cash from operating activities in the statement of cash flows:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
20222021
Net income$106,549 $102,114 
Non-cash expenses34,139 56,498 
Change in receivables101,509 53,404 
Change in deferred revenue(65,130)(60,662)
Change in other assets and liabilities(40,236)(44,805)
Net cash provided by operating activities$136,831 $106,549 
Cash provided by operating activities for the first three months of fiscal 2023 increased 28% compared to the same period last year. Cash from operations is primarily used to repay debt, pay dividends, repurchase stock, for capital expenditures, and acquisitions.
Cash used in investing activities for the first three months of fiscal 2023 totaled $249,594 and included: $228,986 for an acquisition; $38,715 for the ongoing enhancements and development of existing and new product and service offerings; capital expenditures on facilities and equipment of $7,737; and $408 for the purchase and development of internal use software. This was partially offset by proceeds from the sale of assets of $26,252. Cash used in investing activities for the first three months of fiscal 2022 totaled $46,451 and included $35,971 for the development of software; capital expenditures of $9,273; and $1,221 for the purchase and development of internal use software. This was partially offset by proceeds from the sale of assets of $14.
Financing activities provided cash of $95,946 for the first three months of fiscal 2023, including borrowings on credit facilities of $280,000 and $1,677 net cash inflow from the issuance of stock and tax withholding related to stock-based compensation. This was partially offset by payments on credit facilities of $150,022 and dividends paid to stockholders of $35,709. Financing activities used cash of $66,839 in the first three months of fiscal 2022 including $35,027 for repayments on credit facilities and financing leases and $34,036 for the payment of dividends. This was partially offset by $2,224 net cash inflow from the issuance of stock and tax withholding related to stock-based compensation.
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Capital Requirements and Resources
The Company generally uses existing resources and funds generated from operations to meet its capital requirements. Capital expenditures totaling $7,737 and $9,273 for the three months ended September 30, 2022, and September 30, 2021, respectively, were made primarily for additional equipment and the improvement of existing facilities. These additions were funded from cash generated by operations. Total consolidated capital expenditures on facilities and equipment for the Company for fiscal year 2023 are not expected to exceed $64,000 and will be funded from cash generated by operations.
On August 31, 2022, the Company acquired all of the equity interest of Payrailz for $229,563 paid in cash. The purchase price is subject to a customary post-closing adjustment to the extent actual closing date working capital, cash, debt and unpaid seller transaction expenses exceeds or is less than the amount estimated at closing. Pursuant to the merger agreement for the transaction, $48,500 of the purchase price was placed in an escrow account at the closing for final purchase price adjustments and indemnification matters under the merger agreement.
The primary reason for the acquisition was to expand the Company's digital financial management solutions and the purchase was funded by our revolving line of credit and cash generated from operations. Payrailz provides cloud-native, API-first, AI-enabled consumer and commercial digital payment solutions and experiences that enable money to be moved in the moment of need.
On September 29, 2022, the Company entered into an agreement with Twilio Inc., which added contractual spend obligations for the period October 1, 2022, through September 30, 2027, of $16,350. This commitment is in addition to the commitments discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2022.
The Board of Directors has authorized the Company to repurchase shares of its common stock. Under this authorization, the Company may finance its share repurchases with available cash reserves or borrowings on its existing line of credit. The share repurchase program does not include specific price targets or timetables and may be suspended at any time. At September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, there were 31,043 shares in treasury stock and the Company had the remaining authority to repurchase up to 3,948 additional shares. The total cost of treasury shares at September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, was $1,807,118.
On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (“IRA”) was signed into law. The IRA made several changes to the U.S. tax code including, but not limited to, a 1% excise tax on net stock repurchases and tax incentives to promote clean energy. The Company does not expect the IRA to have a material impact on its financial statements.
Credit facilities
On August 31, 2022, the Company entered into a five-year senior, unsecured amended and restated credit agreement. The credit agreement allows for borrowings of up to $600,000, which may be increased by the Company to $1,000,000 at any time until maturity. The credit agreement bears interest at a variable rate equal to (a) a rate based on an adjusted Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR") term rate or (b) an alternate base rate (the highest of (a) 0%, (b) the Prime Rate for such day, (c) the sum of the Federal Funds Effective Rate for such day plus 0.50% per annum and (d) the Adjusted Term SOFR Screen Rate (without giving effect to the Applicable Margin) for a one month Interest Period on such day for Dollars plus 1.0%, plus an applicable percentage in each case determined by the Company's leverage ratio. The credit agreement is guaranteed by certain subsidiaries of the Company and is subject to various financial covenants that require the Company to maintain certain financial ratios as defined in the credit agreement. As of September 30, 2022, the Company was in compliance with all such covenants. The amended and restated credit facility terminates August 31, 2027. There was $245,000 outstanding under the amended and restated credit facility at September 30, 2022.
On June 30, 2022, there was a $115,000 outstanding balance on the prior credit facility that was entered into on February 10, 2020. The prior credit facility was a five-year senior, unsecured revolving credit facility. The credit facility allowed for borrowings of up to $300,000, which could be increased by the Company to $700,000 at any time until maturity. The prior credit facility bore interest at a variable rate equal to (a) a rate based on a eurocurrency rate or (b) an alternate base rate (the highest of (i) 0%, (ii) the U.S. Bank prime rate for such day, (iii) the sum of the Federal Funds Effective Rate for such day plus 0.50% and (iv) the eurocurrency rate for a one-month interest period on such day for dollars plus 1.0%, plus an applicable percentage in each case determined by the Company's leverage ratio. The prior credit facility was guaranteed by certain subsidiaries of the Company and was subject to various financial covenants that required the Company to maintain certain financial ratios as defined in the prior credit agreement. As of June 30, 2022, the Company was in compliance with all such covenants. The prior credit facility's termination date was February 10, 2025.

24


The increase in the outstanding credit facility balance of $130,000 at September 30, 2022, compared to June 30, 2022, was primarily due to the acquisition of Payrailz during the three months ended September 30, 2022. This borrowing is expected to contribute to the increase in interest expense during fiscal 2023.
Other lines of credit
The Company has an unsecured bank credit line which provides for funding of up to $5,000 and bears interest at the prime rate less 1%. The credit line was renewed in March 2021 and expires on April 30, 2023. At September 30, 2022, and June 30, 2022, no amount was outstanding.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Dollar amounts in this item are in thousands.
Market risk refers to the risk that a change in the level of one or more market prices, interest rates, indices, volatilities, correlations or other market factors such as liquidity, will result in losses for a certain financial instrument or group of financial instruments. We are currently exposed to credit risk on credit extended to customers and at times are exposed to interest rate risk on outstanding debt. We do not currently use any derivative financial instruments. We actively monitor these risks through a variety of controlled procedures involving senior management.
Based on the controls in place and the credit worthiness of the customer base, we believe the credit risk associated with the extension of credit to our customers will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
We had $245,000 outstanding debt with variable interest rates as of September 30, 2022, and a 1% increase in our borrowing rate would increase our annual interest expense by $2,450.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, an evaluation was carried out under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including the Company's Chief Executive Officer ("CEO") and Chief Financial Officer ("CFO"), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e). Based upon that evaluation (required in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(b) and 15d-15(b)), the CEO and CFO concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to provide reasonable assurance that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms. For this purpose, disclosure controls and procedures include controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the Company's management, including the CEO and CFO, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
During the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2022, there were no changes in internal control over financial reporting which were identified in connection with management’s evaluation required by Rules 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) under the Exchange Act, that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.     LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
We are subject to various routine legal proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of our business. In the opinion of management, any liabilities resulting from current lawsuits are not expected, either individually or in the aggregate, to have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, we record a liability when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. These liabilities are reviewed at least quarterly and adjusted to reflect the impacts of negotiations, settlements, rulings, advice of legal counsel, and other information and events pertaining to a particular case or proceeding.
ITEM 2.     UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
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The following shares of the Company were repurchased during the quarter ended September 30, 2022:
Total Number of Shares Purchased
Average Price of Share